What Is Melasma?

Melasma is usually is a cosmetic problem in day-to-day life. But this may range from minor to chronic troublesome conditions. Usually, people get it at the time of pregnancy . So, it resolves on its own gradually. Women gets this more commonly usually.

What Causes Melasma?

Its cause always remain unclear.

  • Genetic
  • Hormonal factor
  • Exposure to UV radiation
  • Chemicals and anti seizure drugs
  • Phototoxic and anti seizure drugs
  • Endocrine disorder
  • Nutritional deficiency 
  • Women using estrogen, progesterone oral contraceptives.

So, What are the Clinical Presentation Of Melasma

  • Symmetrically, distributed macular pigmentation with irregular borders
  • Color ranges from light to dark brown or brown-gray
  • Lesions may range from single to multiple patches
  • Usually located on the forehead, cheeks, dorsum of the nose, upper lip, chin.

Usually what are its pattern?

  • Centrofacial-involves forehead, cheeks, upper lip
  • Malar-cheeks and nose
  • Mandibular-ramus of the mandible

Treatment Approaches 

  • Basic principles of treatment of melasma includes
  • Retardation of proliferation of melanocytes
  • Inhibition of melanosome formation 
  • Enhancement of melanosome degradation

Treatment Includes

  • Protection from sun exposure
  • Hydroquinone, azelaic acid, kojic acid, topical retinoids as a bleaching agents.
  • Chemical peels
  • Laser and light therapies
  • Intense pulse light
  • Avoid using makeup containing chemicals
  • Stopping Hormonal Treatment if not required
  • Avoid exposure to LED lights

Adverse effect of medications

  • Hydroquinone causes dermatitis
  • Azelaic creams, gel, lotions can sting
  • Topical application of Tranexamic acid causes skin irritation and swelling when it is injected.
  • Chemical peel might cause skin burn, redness, inflammation, surface layers of skin to die
  • Laser treatment will cause skin irritation, redness, skin peeling, swelling.
  • 9 out of 10 herbal cosmetic products are filled with chemicals. These chemicals are one of the main  causes of melasma. But that 1 out of 10 natural products, chemical-free is Herbcience. So, Herbcience products are, which is made out of 100% natural, vegan, chemical-free. In fact, Products are 100% trustworthy giving efficacious results without any side effects.

Commonly Used Herbs In The Treatment Of Melasma 


Part Used

Mode Of Action 


Glycyrrhiza glabra 


UVB protection Moisturizing agent

Glycyrrhizic acid, Glycyrrhizin, Glabridin



Moisturizing agent ,Tyrosinase inhibitory

Aloesin, 2″-Feruloylaloesin

Santalum album 


Antioxidant, skin whitening property

Alpha- and beta-santalol

Emblica officinalis 


Antioxidant, skin whitening property

Quercetin, Kaempferol, Gallic acid, Methyl gallate, Ellagic acid, Trigallayl glucose, Phyllantine, Phyllembein

Curcuma longa 


Antioxidant, skin whitening property


Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn 


Antioxidant, tyrosinase inhibitory activity

Pronuciferine, Armepavin, Kaempferol-3-o-glucoside, Luteolinglucoside

Crocus sativus L.

Dried stigmas

tyrosinase inhibitory activity

Crocin, picrocrocin, β- carotene, safranal.

Hemidesmus indicus 


Antioxidant, tyrosinase inhibitory activity

Hemidesminine, Lupeal, vanillin

Vitis vinifera 

Seed and leaf

Tyrosinase inhibitory activity

Gallic, protocatechuic, vanillic, syringic and ellagic acids

Magnolia officinalis 


Melanogenesis inhibition

Magnoloside , crassifolioside

So, What makes Herbcience Products unique:

  • 100% Natural (No added Chemicals, No Artificial Preservatives / Colors/ Fragrances)
  • 100% Safe (Free from SLS/ SLES/ PEG/ Sulphates/ Paraben/ Silicones/ DEA/ TEA etc.) 
  • Clinically proven & recommended by Doctors
  • Compliant with international safety standards – MADE SAFE, COSMO-NATURALS, EWG. 
  • Fresh Extraction of herbs for Effective Performance           
  • A Proprietary Ayurvedic Medicine for Hair/Skin/Body/Personal care, Certified by AYUSH, Govt of India 

Herbcience Products For Melasma:


  1. Contains Chandana, Manjistha, Turmeric, Lodhra , Aloe Vera etc.
  2. Because of Phyto Components like Curcuminoids, Anthraquinone, Arbutin, Purpurin, kojic acid  inhibits the Tyrosinase activity thereby whitening the Skin


Melasma is a skin condition, which alters the cosmetic appearance of an individual. It is presented over the face as pigmented patches. But, Cosmetics with chemicals are one of the main causes of melasma. To get rid of it Herbcience products such as face cream and face cream are beneficial. Due to the presence of curcuminoids, kojic acid helps in depigmentation.

For more information regarding Herbcience products visit: www.herbcience.com